Here, we discuss Web Hosting for beginners. There might be many questions that come to mind while hosting or creating a new website. Don’t worry, here is a free guide for you. After reading this guide, all your doubts will be clear, and you will get a clear idea about how to create a new and impressive website.
The first thing you have to do to create a website is select a web hosting company to register a domain. It would help if you had to move forward. Web hosting is a service that permits organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. Your website will store on the server, and all the technologies and services will add to your site to be visible over the Internet and visitors.
The web hosting company provides some add-on services. It generally includes technical support, web application firewall, data backup, SEO services, email services, malware scanning and protection, domain name registration, and applications.
Quick Tip: If you host your website for the first time, it is good to register the domain name and get the hosting web package from the same provider. It will ensure that your domain name is configured correctly with your hosting account, and managing the hosting account and the domain name will also be easier for you.
Hosting Your Website?
Step 1: Select the type Of Website You Want To Host!
Generally, there are two types of websites, Static and Basic websites.
1. Static websites:-
Static websites carry Web pages with fixed content. These are official or straightforward websites with one or more web pages known as HTML pages. If you want to create these web pages on your computer, you can make them with the help of Dreamweaver software, and then you can upload the pages to your web host’s server through any FTP software like FileZilla. You can also create changes to your website, and you will need to edit the web pages over your computer and then upload them again on the server. Since these web pages are not written dynamically, websites with such pages are known as static websites. Also, static websites are priced lower than dynamic websites; they limited functionality and cannot set up an online store or an interactive website.
2. Dynamic Websites:-
A dynamic website is a site that carries dynamic pages such as templates, contents, scripts, etc. It comprises information that changes based on the time of the day, the viewers, and other aspects. Dynamic websites are beneficial for both – the client-side scripts and the server-side scripts for making and updating the website content. The client-side scripts run over the user’s computer and use for display and interaction. The server-side script stores in the server, and eCommerce and social networking websites majorly use them. Server-side scripts enable users to have separate accounts on the site, and through these scripts, a customized response gives to each user.
Dynamic websites work via a CMS (content management system). It will enable you to directly add or modify content like text, images, videos, design, etc. They also allow your website visitors to post comments and start discussions. Dynamic websites are appropriate for business entities. Few examples of dynamic websites include – forums, blogs, online stores, photo galleries,
Step 2: Select the Web Hosting Server
Static HTML sites can be hosted on an anyone web server, but when it comes to web CMS/applications, you will come across two types of web hosting platforms. Based on your hosting requirements and preference, you can select from:
1. Windows Hosting:-
Windows hosting uses Windows as the servers’ operating system and offers Windows-specific technologies such as ASP, .NET, Microsoft Access database, and Microsoft SQL Server (MSSQL).
2. Linux Hosting:-
Linux hosting refers to shared Hosting. This platform enables you to run scripts created in PHP, Perl, Python, and other UNIX-based languages. It also supports the PostgreSQL and MySQL databases. Linux is the most popular hosting service in the industry.
Quick Tip: You can opt for Linux hosting or Windows hosting, irrespective of the operating system at work or home. If your website does not want any scripting support, it is better to opt for Linux hosting as it is cost-effective and easy to manage. But, if your website needs script and database support, you can select from either Linux or Windows platform according to the technologies you wish to use.
Step 3: Select Your Hosting Web Package
You have to choose from the standard hosting solutions mentioned below:
1. VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting:-
Each website is kept in a powerful server separated into many virtual components in VPS hosting. A VPS hosting environment does a dedicated server within a shared hosting environment. Every server software configures individually to ensure that every unit functions independently. VPS hosting recommends for websites that need high security at a lower investment.
2. Shared Hosting:-
Shared Hosting is a type of web hosting where a single physical server hosts multiple sites. However, you get your different hosting accounts secured with your login pieces of information. Shared Hosting is the most reasonable hosting option as the server’s cost is shared with other website owners.
3. Cloud Hosting:-
Cloud hosting is the procurement of computing resources from a cloud computing provider or facility to organize data, services, and solutions. It provides an unlimited capacity to handle sudden traffic spikes. Websites hosted on the cloud are not limited to single servers, and resources allocate to separate servers. Cloud hosting enables you to scale horizontally or vertically, depending on the needs of your website/websites. Cloud hosting is ideal for large sites, online stores, and other large websites that deal with customer data.
4. Dedicated Hosting:-
Dedicated Hosting provides an entire server for one account; in simple words, a dedicated server hosting plan means that your site is the only site hosted on the server. This platform is speedy and more secure. It is the ideal hosting platform for business organizations and for any high-traffic website as it enables customization, flexibility, and configuration according to the user’s preferences.
If you finalized your web hosting, you can start with the small shared hosting package and then update the web hosting package as per the need of your website. Also, you can opt for eCommerce hosting or any application-based hosting like WordPress hosting, Joomla hosting, Drupal Hosting, etc.
Step 4: Change Your DNS Address
After purchasing the hosting web package, you will get the Name Servers (also known as domain name servers DNS). DNS is an Internet phonebook that includes all the IP addresses. To get your website running and up, you will need to Login into your domain registrar panel and update the name of servers from there. After updating the name server, it will take approximately 24-48 hours for your website to start resolving the new DNS.
Step 5: Upload Your Website
You can upload your website to your hosting account by connecting to the server. It can be complete either with cPanel’s File Manager or via an FTP client (like FileZilla). After this, your website will become live.
1. Upload your website with cPanel’s File Manager:
Go to the cPanel and Login to your account, then click on the ‘File Manager’ icon after clicking Select the option ‘Web Root’ and click on ‘Go.’ and add all the folders and files in public_html and add their domain folders.
2. Upload your website with FTP client:
If you want to connect FTP, you can join it through FileZilla. FileZilla is an FTP program. This program lets you view the files and folders on your server, just like you can see them on your computer. You can use this program to drag and drop your website’s files in the ‘/public_html/’ folder.
How to connect your web server through FileZilla, Follow the steps mentioned below:
- Install FileZilla and open it.
- Click on the ‘File’ menu; after that, select ‘Site Manager.’
- Click on ‘New Site.’
- Give a name to the new site – such as given to your ‘real domain.’
- Enter the IP address of your website in the ‘FTP Address’ field.
- Enter the username and password given to you in the welcome email.
- Set the Port to 21 (as FTP always operates on Port 21).
- Click on ‘Connect.’
After connecting to the FTP, you will be able to view the following files and folders:
Both the files and folders of your computer and your web hosting service will be shown on the left and right.
To upload files to your provider of hosting service via FileZilla, refer to the steps given below:
- On the left-hand side of FileZilla, select the file(s) or folder(s) that you wish to upload.
- Drag and drop the file(s) and folder(s) to the directory location
- present on the right-hand side of your hosting web service.
- FileZilla will now start uploading the file(s) and folder(s).
- After the uploading process completes, the FileZilla log will
- confirm the success of your uploads.
Congratulations! Your website is live now!