There might be a lot of question comes in mind while hosting or creating a new website. Don’t worry, here is a free guide for you. After reading this guide, all your doubts will be clear, and you will get a clear idea about how to create a new and impressive website.
The first thing you have to do to create a website is selecting a web hosting company if you have registered a domain. You should have to move forward The Web hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. Your website will be stored on the server, and all the technologies and services will be added to your website so that it is visible on the Internet and to the visitors.
The web hosting company provides some add-on services. It generally includes technical support, web application firewall, data backup, SEO services, email services, malware scanning and protection, domain name registration, and applications.
Quick Tip: If you are going to host your website for the first time, it is a good idea to register the domain name and get the web hosting package from the same provider. It will ensure that your domain name correctly configured with your hosting account, and managing the domain name and hosting account will also be easier for you.
Hosting Your Website?
Step 1: Select the type Of Website You Want To Host!
Generally, there are two types of websites, Static and Basic website.
Static websites contain Web pages with fixed content. These websites are official or straightforward websites that have one or more web pages known as the HTML pages. If you want to create these web pages on your computer, you can create with the help of Dreamweaver software, and then you can upload the pages to your web host’s server through any FTP software like FileZilla. You can also make changes to your website, you will need to edit the web pages on your computer, and then you can upload them again on the server. Since these web pages cannot be written dynamically, websites with such pages are known as static websites. Also, the static websites are priced lower than dynamic websites; they limited functionality and cannot set up an online store or an interactive website.
A dynamic website is a site that contains dynamic pages such as templates, contents, scripts, etc. It comprises information that changes based on the time of the day, the viewers, and other aspects. Dynamic websites are beneficial for both – the client-side scripts and the server-side scripts for making and updating the website content. The client-side scripts run on the user’s computer, and they mainly used for display and interaction. The server-side scripts stored in the server, and they majorly used by eCommerce websites and social networking websites. Server-side scripts enable users to have separate accounts on the site, and through these scripts, a customized response can be provided to each of the users.
Dynamic websites work through a CMS (content management system), It will enable you to directly add or modify content like text, images, videos, design, etc., they also allow your website visitors to post comments and start discussions. Dynamic websites are appropriate for business entities. Some examples of dynamic websites include – forums, blogs, and online stores, photo galleries,
Step 2: Select the Web Hosting Server
The static HTML websites can be hosted on any web server, but when it comes to web applications / CMS, you will come across two types of web hosting platforms. Based on your hosting requirements and your preference, you can select from:
Windows Hosting: Windows hosting uses Windows as the servers’ operating system and offers Windows-specific technologies such as ASP, .NET, Microsoft Access database, and Microsoft SQL Server (MSSQL).
Linux Hosting: Linux hosting refers to shared hosting. This platform enables you to run scripts created in PHP, Perl, Python, and other UNIX-based languages. It also supports the PostgreSQL and MySQL databases. Linux is the most popular hosting service in the industry.
Quick Tip: You can either opt for Linux hosting or Windows hosting, irrespective of the operating system that you use at work or home. If your website does not need any scripting support, it is better to opt for Linux hosting as it is easy to manage and cost-effective. But, in case your website needs script and database support, you can select from either Linux or Windows platform according to the technologies that you wish to use.
Step 3: Select Your Web Hosting Package
You have to choose from the standard hosting solutions mentioned below:
VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting: In VPS hosting, each website kept in a powerful server, which is separated into many virtual components. A VPS hosting environment does a dedicated server within a shared hosting environment. Every server software is configured individually to make sure that every unit is functioning independently. VPS hosting is recommended for websites that need high-security at a lower investment.
Shared Hosting:- Shared hosting is a type of web hosting where a single physical server hosts multiple sites. However, you get your different hosting accounts, which are secured with your login pieces of information. Shared hosting is the most reasonable hosting option as the cost of the server is shared among the other website owners, as well.
Cloud Hosting:- Cloud hosting is the procurement of computing resources from a cloud computing provider or facility to organize data, services, and solutions. Cloud hosting provides an unlimited capacity to handle sudden traffic spikes. Websites hosted on the cloud are not limited to single servers, and resources allocated to separate servers. Cloud hosting enables you to scale vertically or horizontally, depending on the needs of your website/websites. Cloud hosting is ideal for large sites, online stores, and other large websites that deal with a lot of customer data.
Dedicated Hosting: Dedicated hosting provides a complete server for one single account in simple words dedicated server hosting plan means that your website is the only site hosted on the server. This platform is speedy and more secure. It is the ideal hosting platform for business organizations and for any high-traffic websites as it enables customization, configuration, and flexibility according to the user’s preferences.
If you finalized your web hosting, then you can start with the small shared hosting package and then upgrade the web hosting package as per the need of your website. Also, you can opt for eCommerce hosting or any application based hosting like WordPress hosting, Joomla hosting, Drupal hosting, etc.
Step 4: Change Your DNS Address
After purchasing the web hosting package, you will get the Name Servers (these are also known as domain name servers DNS). DNS is an Internet’s phonebook that includes all the IP addresses. To get your website up and running, you will need to Login into your domain registrar panel and update the name servers from there. After updating the name server, it will take approximately 24-48 hours for your website to start resolving the new DNS.
Step 5: Upload Your Website
You can upload your website to your hosting account by connecting to the server. It can be done either with cPanel’s File Manager or through an FTP client (like FileZilla). After this step, your website will become live.
Upload your website with cPanel’s File Manager:
Go to the cPanel and Login to your account then click on the ‘File Manager’ icon after clicking Select the option ‘Web Root’ and click on ‘Go.’ and add all the files and folders in public_html and add their domain folders
Upload your website with FTP client:
If you want to connect FTP, you can join it through FileZilla. FileZilla is an FTP program. This program enables you to view the files and folders present on your server, just like you can see them on your computer. You can use this program to drag and drop your website’s files in the ‘/public_html/’ folder.
How to connect your web server through FileZilla, Follow the steps mentioned below:
- Install FileZilla and open it
2. Click on the ‘File’ menu and select ‘Site Manager.’
3. Click on ‘New Site’
4. Give a name to the new site – such as given to your ‘real domain name.’
5. Enter the IP address of your website in the ‘FTP Address’ field
6. Enter the username and password which was given to you in the welcome email
7. Set the Port to 21 (as FTP always operates on Port 21)
8. Click on ‘Connect.’
After connecting to the FTP, you will be able to view the following files and folders:
Both the files and folders of your computer and your web hosting service will be displayed on left and right.
To upload files to your hosting service provider through FileZilla, refer to the steps mentioned below:
- On the left-hand side of FileZilla, select the file(s) or folder(s) that you wish to upload
2. Drag and drop the file(s) and folder(s) to the directory location present on the right-hand side of your web hosting service
3. FileZilla will now start uploading the file(s) and folder(s)
4. After the uploading process is completed, the FileZilla log will confirm the success of your uploads
Congratulations! Your website is live now!
Also, read our previous blog- Hosting a Website in India or Abroad: What is Better?